TOOLS TO KEEP YOU HEALTHY
Most of the food we eat is turned into glucose or sugar for our bodies to use for energy. The pancreas, an organ that lies near the stomach, makes a hormone called insulin to help glucose get into the cells of our bodies. When you have diabetes, your body doesn't make enough insulin or can't use its own insulin as well as it should. This causes sugar to build up in your blood.
Diabetes can cause serious health complications including heart disease, blindness, kidney failure, and lower-extremity amputations. However, you can help manage your diabetes by controlling your weight, making healthy food choices, and getting regular physical activity. Ask for help from your health care team. Some people with type 2 diabetes may also need to take diabetes pills or insulin shots to help control their diabetes.
CDC, ADA (2016)
Prediabetes means a person's blood glucose (sugar) level is higher than normal, but not high enough yet to be diagnosed with type 2 diabetes. People with prediabetes are on the road to develop type 2 diabetes and are also at increased risk for serious health problems such as stroke and heart disease.
Prediabetes often can be reversed through lifestyle changes such as increased physical activity and weight loss. The earlier people are diagnosed with prediabetes, the more likely that they can reverse it and prevent type 2 diabetes.
What can you do if you have pre-diabetes?
What can you do if you have Type 2 diabetes?
Join the YMCA's National Diabetes Prevention Program
The ADA is here to help! Check out their guide on Living with Type 2 Diabetes
High blood pressure, also called "hypertension," happens when the force of the blood pumping through your arteries is too strong.
When your heart beats, it pushes blood through your arteries to the rest of your body. When the blood pushes harder against the walls of your arteries, your blood pressure goes up. Your blood pressure may be different at different times of the day. It is usually higher when you first wake up, after you exercise, or when you are under stress.
Having higher blood pressure for short amounts of time is normal. However, when your blood pressure stays high for most of the time, it can cause serious health problems. However, there are steps you can take to control your blood pressure.
PubMed Health Glossary
(Source: NIH - National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases)
What can you do if you have high blood pressure?